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The New Science
Retreived from treurniet.ca with appreciation, and other information sources on Smith.
The New Science
- Wilbert B. SMITH
- Copyright 1964 by Murl Smith
- Published by Fenn-Graphic Publishing Co., Ltd (Canada)
- Assembled by W. B. Smith from data obtained from beings more advanced than we are.
The New Science Foreword
A first reading of this book will undoubtedly leave the reader with many questions in mind, and with few answers immediately obtainable. As a work which purports to provide a comprehensive yet simplified understanding of the universe and of reality as we observe it, it will appear most novel in its development, intricate in its ramifications, and will challenge the most vivid imagination. Yet, the implications are far-reaching in their significance and the applications innumerable. The serious reader is advised to peruse it often, and most of, to THINK.
THE NEW SCIENCE attempts to provide a fundamental understanding of reality in general, and of our known universe in particular. It advances a unified concept governing our awareness of reality, explains the generation of this reality, and describes the factors which mold it into the numerous forms in which we find it. To some extent it is not a "first" attempt. For centuries philosophers and scientists have, with varying degrees of success, framed hypotheses with the same considered objective. It may be said that such attempts at a unified understanding of the universe is a natural result of man's inquisitiveness and his searching need of the ultimate order. THE NEW SCIENCE is unique, however, in bringing into play not only those factors which are usually considered as physical and material, but also the more subtle yet no less important influence of the mental and spiritual.
The work was produced after many years of thought and investigation. Existing concepts were considered in all their scope and depth. It is the belief of many that numerous "clues" were obtained from civilizations much more advanced than ours. Some of the more physical aspects were confirmed by actual experiment and the less tangible considerations tested against observable data and evaluated for consistency.
At this point, a few words about the author would seem appropriate.
Wilbert Brockhouse Smith was born at Lethbridge, in the Province of Alberta, Canada on the 17th of February, 1910. He exhibited early in life an eager interest in the nature of things. At the age of 15, he wrote a treatise dealing with the controversial concept of perpetual motion. He was also the author of several scientific novels. After having obtained his S. SC. And M. Sc. Degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Columbia in 1933 and 1934, he spent four years on the staff of radio station CJOR in Vancouver, BC, where he became chief engineer. In 1939 he joined the Department of Transport of Canada, where he continued his work in the field of broadcasting and ...
We find ourselves in this Universe, and we are aware of it. We strive to understand it, and to do so we use all means at our disposal. We observe and speculate; we look and sometimes we find; we ask many questions and get many answers. If the questions are proper we get proper answers, but if they are not proper questions we get indefinite answers or no answers at all.
Sometimes we cannot distinguish between cause and effect or the phenomenon and the effect of the phenomenon. Sometimes we mistake the shadow for the substance and pass by the reality while we pursue the image.
Often we are so enamoured of our own brilliance that we cannot see the little glints of Truth that line our way. Many shining nuggets of Truth lie buried at our feet and if we are not too proud to dig we will find them.
There are certain fundamental Truths in this Universe and if we are prepared to accept them we can use them as tools for its better Understanding.
No principal can be described or satisfactorily defined except in terms of concepts which are more basic, until one basic concept is reached which in itself cannot be defined at all, but which will define all other concepts.
The Universe contains no anomalies, and the appearance of an anomaly is warning that our understanding is inadequate.
Mathematics must be the servant of Understanding and not its master. Equations, by their very nature, cannot discover; they can only yield relationships derived from the initial statements and which were inherently in them when they were stated.
Truth is not hidden; it is available to all and is the same for all. Apparent differences must be due to inadequate understanding.
Chapter I —The Basic Concept
Whatever might be the origin of this Universe, of one thing we can be reasonable sure, that it is within "nothing at all". If it "started", then it must have started from nothing at all. It always was, this it has nothing at all around it. Whatever there might be beyond this "nothing at all" we have no way of knowing for we are within it and of this Universe and have no concept beyond it.
This idea of nothing at all is a most difficult one to come to grips with, but it is an absolute necessity to an understanding of even the first ideas of cosmology. Nothing at all means exactly what it says: NOTHING AT ALL; no space, no time, no substance, no energy, no change. To approach it one must slough off all reality and proceed deliberately into the void of nothingness. It is something extremely personal which must be experienced by the individual as a basic exercise; it is something which cannot be "taught". Most people recoil from the idea of nothing at all, feeling that it is akin to annihilation, which it is, but we must know of "nothing at all" before we can understand the basic concept upon which our Universe is built. Subsequent lessons are futile without this basic understanding.
Having become aware of nothing at all, there is only awareness and nothing at all, and Awareness injects into nothing at all a concept which will render it unique. Since no concept of any kind can be defined except in terms of that which is more basic, this Concept cannot be defined, and we may use it only in defining concepts which are less basic. Since this Concept is the basis of our Universe, its derivatives must be the basic parameters of it, and in itself it must remain the nameless Reality.
We do not know if this basic Reality exists independently from Awareness or whether one is the consequence of the other; or whether in the final analysis they are in fact one and the same. In any case we do know, or think that we know, that Reality does exist and we are aware of it. But we do not know how far beyond us the Awareness extends, and we must either postpone this determination pending a better understanding or accept the statements by other entities who are presumably more advanced than we are that Awareness is universal and extends throughout all Reality and has a particular relationship thereto which will be discussed later.
Our physical senses are very limited and we can observe directly only certain aspects of our Universe, and these only within strictly limited ranges. However, as our understanding increases we are able to devise ways and means for extending our sense both in range and scope, which in turn leads to better understanding. But we must always remember in thus extending our senses to distinguish between the language of observation and its translation into the language of our senses, lest we miss the phenomenon while inspecting its effect. Also, since the information we get through extensions of our senses is essentially "second hand", we must be doubly sure that it is truly what we think it is, that it is in fact "the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth."
There are two ways of "learning", memorizing and understanding. No matter how good memory is it can never do more than regurgitate that which has been assimilated, without form and undigested. A library is an excellent memory but its understanding is nil. Understanding however allows one to KNOW and is not limited to material which has already been assimilated. Further, understanding can extrapolate while memory cannot even interpolate. Therefore, in dealing with the Basic Concept of the Universe which is Nothing-At-All, mere memory is not good enough; understanding must be used, otherwise the whole exercise is meaningless and we cannot KNOW.
In striving to attain the knowledge of Nothing-At-All and the basic concept of Reality within it, words are hopelessly inadequate because by their very nature words are merely symbols in which there is some degree of common understanding. As yet we have no words for that which is basic, and we must attain the understanding of it and then carry this understanding into whatever language we find convenient. But however we may approach the subject, the understanding of it is entirely personal. As one of the people from "elsewhere" once stated, "I cannot teach you; I can only help you to learn!"
Chapter II —The Quadrature Concept
Having understood Nothing-At-All and the basic concept of Reality within it, we must next understand the relationship of Awareness to these concepts. Whether or not Awareness and Reality are the one and same is probably the Creator's secret, but to us at least they seem to be separate and through the one we observe the other.
Realizing that at this stage we have not yet even approached the basic or derived parameters of the Universe, we have no understood framework within which t explore the relationship of Awareness to Reality. Also, since the only basic concept we have at this stage is the nameless one injected into Nothing-At-All, it is only this which we can use to define the higher concepts. Therefore, the only possible understanding of the relationship of Awareness to reality must be determined from that which is inherent within the understanding of both.
We could define the Quadrature Concept as the relationship of Awareness to Reality, and to some a definition of this nature may be adequate, but it would carry little or no understanding, and great difficulties would arise later when this concept is needed to understand the derivation and relationships between the twelve fundamental parameters.
Therefore, a little time and effort spent at this stage to understand this relationship will pay large dividends later. Through the symbology of words and through analogy an attempt will be made to bracket this concept and bring it into approximate focus, and after that only individual and personal effort will bring it into precise focus and understanding will be attained.
Our personal; experience with awareness is largely confined to the operation of our senses. If we see something, and can see all sides of it, we usually have a pretty good idea of what it looks like. Also, if we can feel it all over we can conclude quite a bit about its shape, temperature, texture, etc. We get more information from any sounds which it may make, or any smells which it may exude. Maybe we may even want to taste it. If we can get at it sufficiently to use most or all of our senses on it we can form a pretty good idea of what it is, and if we met it again we would probably recognize it. What then is the mechanism by which our awareness obtains this information?
If we find ourselves in a certain situation, such as being caught out in a storm, our senses respond to certain stimuli and we arrive at certain conclusions. Thereafter we have a degree of understanding of that particular situation, and would have no trouble recognizing or identifying it if we ever met it again.
Emotional responses, stemming sometimes from very restricted stimulation, can be distinguished and identified, and to a certain degree passed along to others if they are coded through their own experience to receive such information. Under these circumstances we can say that such emotions are "understood", but just what is the relationship of Awareness to them?
When we get into the area of abstracts such as mathematics, physical relationships and the like, logic and intuition extend the range and scope of our senses, but there still exists that mysterious relationship between Awareness and Reality.
In the transcendental area involving extra sensory perception, estannation, and those other capabilities of the mind which as yet are only vaguely appreciated, we also find a definite and determinable relationship between Awareness and Reality. In fact, anything about which we can think, if it in any way involves an aspect of the universe, must implicate and make use of this relationship. In the ultimate the Quadrature Concept is the link by which Awareness observes and Understands Reality.
Mathematics is a discipline in which many people have a fair understanding, and within which one facet of the Quadrature Concept manifest most elegantly. Geometry, complex algebra, and vectors all make use of a special relationship in which one line is at right angles to another. Various properties, some of which are obvious and some which are not so obvious, have been ascribed to this quadrature relationship between lines. In fact, whole mathematical philosophies have been developed around this relationship, and their practical application has given us electrical current, radio, aeronautics, and many others. In mathematics the Quadrature Concept manifests as two lines mutually at right angles, or to a line which has been subjected to an operation by the square root of minus one from its previous position. Successive operations yield relationships which are the cornerstones of various branches of mathematics. But the universal Quadrature Concept extends much beyond its mere mathematical application, interesting though this may be, and is in fact the Concept which links Awareness with the Concept which is fundamental.
Chapter III —The Space Fabric
Our Universe appears to us as an enormous, tremendously complicated system, with myriads of actions and reactions, functions and functional derivatives, and it is hard to realize that it is all a manifestation of a single basic concept in Nothing-At-All. We suspect, correctly, that there must be many "layers" or "levels" between the basic concept and what we observe around us. It is up these levels that we must work our way to an understanding of the universe, rather than downwards.
Anyone who is at all familiar with modern physics is, no doubt, appalled at its complexity, confused by the many correction and perturbation factors, and amazed at the many weird theories propounded in all sincerity to explain observations in terms of "established principles". Anomalies are the rule rather than the exception, and the amount of data which just won't fit is colossal. All in all it is fairly obvious that this view of the Universe is bogging down and we are in reality conjuring up a mathematical monstrosity and raising it to Deity status. It is truly the modern Golden Calf.
It is much more difficult to conceive of a universe which is basically highly complex but possible of breaking down into simpler units than to conceive of a Universe in which everything is built up of different aspects and combinations of these aspects of a single basic Reality. Therefore, why not tread again the path which was trodden by the Creator when the universe was established, and start as he did with Nothing-At-All and place therein the single basic Concept of Reality and study that which may be derived from it.
We were unable to establish the point of whether or not there is any interdependence between Reality and Awareness, and we may never be able to do so, but we must take it that they both do in fact exist, otherwise the whole exercise becomes meaningless and all is illusion. Therefore, insofar as we are concerned, the Reality of the Universe exists as we are aware of it.
The first degree of awareness of the basic concept is length. This is a bald statement and although many other combinations of words could be sued the MEANING is identical. Again, the understanding of this parameter is a personal matter and the mere reiteration of a formula will never convey understanding. Hence another personal visit into Nothing-At-All and a first hand view of the basic concept is called for. The viewing should be by means of the Quadrature Concept and, if correctly carried out to the exclusion of all else, that which is viewed will be the concept of length. This is the First Parameter, or as it might fairly be put at this point, the First Dimension [Planck's Constant, *L]
Now, if the Quadrature Concept is again applied to the basic Concept of Reality, taking into account the already established Parameter of Length, and Area will be established, which is the Second Parameter. This Area is the true Second Dimension, thus making Volume the true Third Dimension, and for similar reasons another Length at right angles to the other two could not qualify.
Hence, Awareness of the basic concept of Reality, through successive applications of the Quadrature Concept has established a fabric of three Parameters, Length, Area and Volume, containing One, Two, and Three conventional Dimensions. This is the Space Fabric, and establishes a place for the Universe, which is at once simple and possible of understanding. There is no need for Warps, Foreshortenings, and all the other attachments appended to Space by conventional science to avoid facing the Universe as the Creator faced it, from the viewpoint of Nothing-At-All.
At this point it may be well to say something about Zero and Infinity. Originally these were mathematical concepts which gradually became established in our consciousness even though to most people they never had any real meanings. Mathematically it is possible to evolve quite satisfactory definitions for Zero and infinity, and so long as they are confined to mathematics we can get along with them quite well. But when we try to become aware of zero or infinity as a personal experience, we find it most difficult. It is only through the Quadrature Concept that we can become aware of these two extremes at all, but if we do view them "in quadrature" we find them quite understandable; in fact, they become, they become as real as any other numbers.
We can say that Zero is the smallest number in which our Awareness has any interest, and that Infinity is the largest number in which our Awareness has any interest. If we have the same degree of interest in Zero as we have in Infinity we will find that Unity is exactly half way between. This is quite apart from any scale of measurement and is a most important relationship. It is because nothing in the universe is absolute except the basic concept of reality itself. Even geometrical relationships are tempered by the means by which we become aware of them.
In establishing the Space Fabric we have understood only the concepts which result from the application of the Quadrature Concept to the basic Concept of Reality. While we immediately recognize the results of these operations as the space within which we dwell we must avoid implying other properties to it than can be derived directly from the basic premises. In other words, we have only space, with nothing in it.
Anything which we may subsequently define within Space must be derived by further applications of the Quadrature Concept if it is to have any meaning.
A further word may be said about scales of measurement. Within the space just described there are no scales of measurement, and any positioning of awareness must of necessity be entirely arbitrary with one position being quite as good as any other. Relative positioning must of course remain relative regardless of how many positions may be established. A corollary of this is that Space is linear no matte where we investigate it, and this relationship must be accepted as fundamental.
Chapter IV —The Field Fabric
"The Fourth Parameter is therefore essentially Change, the true Fourth Dimension." —Wilbert Smith
In establishing the Space Fabric the basic Concept of Reality was operated upon successively by the Quadrature Concept, giving the concepts of Length, Area and Volume. Further operations with the Quadrature Concept will yield more relationships which, when established may be recognized as parameters of the Universe in which Awareness finds itself.
Since the relationships established to constitute the Field Fabric do not impinge upon our awareness as directly as does Space except in their composite forms, some sort of language is needed to facilitate Understanding. To those having a mathematical background this presents no particular problem since the relationships are merely those of established Vector Algebra. To those not having such a background, understanding must be obtained through appreciation of the meanings of the actual words used. In any case, if the basic principles already set forth have been adequately understood, there should not be too great difficulty. A visualization of what is going on, extending upwards from Nothing-At-All, as the Quadrature Concept is applied successively to Reality and its derivatives, is really what is called for.
The application of the Quadrature Concept to the Third Parameter yields a further parameter which we might describe as Density or gradient, and is really an expression of how Reality is distributed in Space. Vectorially it is the scalar view by awareness of the Volumetric parameter of Reality. It is the scale against which any change in Reality must be gauged. The Fourth Parameter is therefore essentially Change, the true Fourth Dimension. There are many interesting implications which will be studied later in more detail.
If the Quadrature Concept is applied again, another partially familiar vectorial quantity results, namely Divergence, or the stable condition in which Awareness finds Reality. This is the Fifth Parameter, which also presents some interesting implications which will studied [be] later.
The Sixth Parameter is developed by still another application of the Quadrature Concept to Reality, which gives the vectorial quantity Curl, or Deviation or Reality, which is essentially the dynamic aspect of Reality as perceived by Awareness.
At this point it is fairly obvious that our Universe is poly-dimensional in the truest sense of the word, even though the dimensions are not quite what we fancied they ought to be. They are more correctly parameters and are aspects of Reality established by Awareness through the mechanism of the Quadrature Concept. Again, we cannot say whether or not Reality could exist without Awareness, but we believe that they are actually separate manifestations of the same thing, and one is incomplete without the other. In any case, so long as we are aware of our Universe it must be through the Parameters which are inherent in it. And there are six more of them making twelve Parameters in all, after which the system closes on itself. These Twelve Parameters are the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the Universe as we are aware of it.
Although there is a smooth relationship following in the development of the various parameters we find that they fall naturally into four fabrics of three parameters each. Just as each parameter has its unique characteristic so each fabric has its own unique characteristics, which include those of the individual parameters and the interrelationships between them.
It should be noted that in the development of the three parameters in the field fabric the Quadrature Concept was applied in each case to the previously established parameter, and in its broader sense. This should not be confused with the mathematical manipulation of multiplying the previously established parameter by the square root of minus one, as this is an operation which will subsequently be employed and is similar to parallel processes which go on in the space fabric. While this distinction is fairly obvious in the space fabric it may not be so obvious in the field fabric.
Let us next look at those aspects of the Universe which impinge upon our awareness and which may possibly be identified with the parameters of the field fabric. The Fourth Parameter, Change, reaches our awareness through our concept of Time, although we have here mistaken the shadow for the substance and vice versa.
A field is a region which has a unique characteristic. The space fabric, in displaying the characteristic of Change, has a unique characteristic, so that this characteristic which so appears can qualify as a field. But the filed must be "somewhere" and the space fabric fills this need, just as Area is necessary for the evolution of the concept of Volume.
Suppose we call this field of Change a Tempic Field to give it a name of its own, so that we can study its relationship to those things which impinge upon our awareness. Inspection of the Concept shows that if the Change is great the tempic field must be great, but we associate Change with our Concept of Time which is something against which we gauge a rate of change. Expressed mathematically this rate can be written as dS/dt which expresses the manner in which something changes with respect to time. More explicitly this should be written as TS where T is the tempic field operator, and S is the aspect of Reality upon which it operates. A convenient, though only partially adequate description of the Tempic Field is "Frequency", since we recognize frequency as being a certain number of somethings per unit of time, and is dimensionally the reciprocal of Time.
Heretofore we have always considered Time as an immutable flow against which everything evolving Change could be measured, whereas, it is really the converse which is true; Change is the basic concept and Time its derivative. Unfortunately, our mathematics are geared to the Time concept and will require considerable reworking to fit them into this more precise concept, but when this is done there will result a most elegant simplification in all the analysis involving time. In the meantime the transition in thinking can be made less painful if we merely regard Time as the consequence of the existence of a Tempic Field, and is by no means fixed.
It may be interesting at this point to mention something about the velocity of light. This quantity is generally recognized to be something rather basic in our universe, being the "rate at which space changes with time", but when viewed in the light of this new field concept is merely the tempic field intensity, or how the tempic field is distributed in space. We have been told that light doesn't "travel"; it "is", which is an idea not at all foreign to the field concept. Of course, it follows that the velocity of light will be a constant only under conditions of constant tempic field, and if this field changes so will the velocity of light change.
Having had a superficial look at the Tempic Field and its derivation we may now allow our Awareness to inspect the next parameter which is Divergence to see if it is something which can be recognized. Previously we noted that Reality had to extend to infinity from zero in order to establish Space and that unity, so far as Awareness was concerned, lay half way between. With the application of the Quadrature Concept to the parameter of Change or Tempic Field, Divergence is established, from which we derive a starting point a t zero and a finish at infinity. Between these two limits and through unity there is divergence, which we can recognize as the Electric Field, but with the exception that there is no point charge at the zero. Our Awareness, however, established the "charge" at radius unity, with exactly one half of it being "inside" and the other half being "outside". The real significance of this boundary will be apparent when we study the tenth parameter.
When Divergence was established by Awareness, the Quadrature Concept was applied to the Tempic Field, so we may expect within the electric field two quantities, scalar and vector, or quantity and its manner of distribution. These attributes we recognize immediately as pertaining to the electric fields with which we have experience.
While the Tempic field is purely scalar, the application of the Quadrature Concept gave it an aspect which is vectorial in establishing the Electric Field, in that it now has "direction" as well as "quantity". In dealing with this parameter both these aspects should always be included. Otherwise the analysis is bound to be incomplete. In other words, mere vectorial summation is not sufficient and the scalar values must be integrated also. Also, we must get away from the idea that they are the manifestation of the fifth parameter from zero to infinity and in themselves are the reality.
When Awareness inspects Divergence through the Quadrature Concept and establishes Curl. Similar appreciation results, and we see in Curl many of the characteristics of the Magnetic Field, but again we have a boundary within which is half the reality and outside of which is the other half. We call that within (or without) this boundary the magnetic moment, but again we cannot establish a point source. Also, dealing with magnetic fields we must always include the scalar as well as the vectorial aspects.
Just as Area has Length incorporated in it, and Volume has Area incorporated in it, so has the Electric Field the Tempic Field incorporated in it. Each of these three fields are mutually at right angles to each other. The three fields together are the manifestation of Reality in the Field Fabric as perceived by Awareness. The interrelationships between these various fields manifests to our Awareness as Matter and Energy, and the great variety of these manifestations is well known to us.